Fire Prevention Checklist
Home fire deaths occur Sixty-five percent of the time in homes with no working smoke alarms. The most effective way to protect yourself and your home from fire is to identify
and remove fire hazards. Working smoke alarms and a fire escape plan that has been practiced regularly can save lives in the event of a fire.
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms (about every 500ft. of living space) and outside bedroom and sleeping areas.
- Test smoke alarms every 30 days and replace batteries as needed or at least once a year.
- If a fire occurs in your home, leave immediately and call for help.
- All household members should discuss a fire escape plan and practice the plan at least once per year.
Take Action Today to Prevent Home Fires:
- Keep matches and lighters and out of reach of children and talk to them often about the dangers of fire.
- Keep items that can catch on fire at least three feet away from anything that gets hot, such as space heaters.
- Never smoke in bed or laying down.
- When you leave the room or go to sleep turn portable heaters off.
- Stay in the kitchen when cooking food even if you leave the kitchen for a short period of time, turn off the stove and use a timer to remind you that food is cooking
- Keep anything that can catch fire away from the stove like pot holders and clothing.
- Prevent pets them from knocking things onto the burner by keeping them off cooking surfaces and countertops.
Be Aware That Carbon Monoxide Kills:
- Install carbon monoxide alarms in central locations on every level of your home and outside sleeping areas.
- Move quickly to a fresh air location outdoors or by an open window or door if the carbon monoxide alarm sounds.
- Never use generators, grills, camp stoves or other gasoline, propane, natural gas or charcoal-burning devices inside any partially enclosed area such as a home, garage, basement or crawlspace.
Practice Fire Safety at Home, Including Smoke Alarms:
- Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.
- Teach children what smoke alarms sound like and what to do when they hear one.
- Make sure each alarm in the home is working properly by pushing the test button at least once a month.
- Immediately install a new battery if an alarm chirps, warning the battery is low and replace batteries in smoke alarms at least once a year.
- Never disable smoke or carbon monoxide alarms.
- For best practices, smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years.
- Carbon monoxide alarms are not substitutes for smoke alarms.
- Know the difference between the sound of smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms.
Fire Escape Planning:
- Know multiple ways to escape from every room of your home and make review with all household members.
- In case of fire, have an agreed family plan to meet at a single location outside the house.
- At least twice a year and at different times of the day, practice waking up to smoke alarms, low crawling to escape from your home and meeting outside.
- Teach the STOP, DROP and ROLL procedure if a household members clothes should catch on fire.
Make Your Escape Plan, Follow It!
- Remember to GET OUT, STAY OUT and CALL 9-1-1 or your local emergency phone number.
- Never open closed doors or door handles that are warm to the touch. Look for an alternate way to escape.
- If room has visible smoke, crawl low to the ground.
- Once outside, go to your meeting place, then call for help.
- Stay in the room with doors closed if smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes and place a wet towel under the door and call the fire department or 9-1-1.
- If trapped, open a window and wave a brightly colored cloth or flashlight to signal for help.
Use Caution with Fire Extinguishers
ONLY use a portable fire extinguisher with proper training and in the following conditions:
- The fire is confined to a small area, and is not growing.
- The room is not filled with smoke.
- Everyone has exited the building.
- The fire department has been called.
- Remember the word PASS when using a fire extinguisher.
Pull the pin and hold the extinguisher with the nozzle pointing away from you.
- Aim low. Point the extinguisher at the base of the fire.
- Squeeze the lever slowly and evenly.
- Sweep the nozzle from side to side.